Sustainable tourism is generally defined as tourism that is conducted in a way that minimizes negative environmental, social, and economic impacts, while maximizing benefits to local communities, the environment, and tourists themselves.
However, the principles he outlined in the new acronym “S.M.A.R.T.” – Sustainable, Moderate Impact, Active Role, Responsible, Tourism – are all important considerations in the development of sustainable tourism.
“Sustainable” emphasizes the importance of considering the long-term impacts of tourism and ensuring that tourism activities do not harm the environment or local communities.
The “moderate impact” highlights the need to minimize the negative impacts of tourism, such as overuse of natural resources, pollution, and disruption of local cultures.
The “active role” suggests the importance of encouraging local communities to actively participate in tourism development and decision-making processes, so that they can share the benefits of tourism and have a say in how tourism is managed.
“Responsible” emphasizes the importance of ethical and responsible behavior by tourists and tour operators, including respect for local cultures, customs, and natural resources.
“Tourism” emphasizes the importance of developing tourism in a sustainable way, with a focus on balancing the needs of tourists, local communities and the environment.