Protected Areas of the South and Central Pacific of Costa RicaMar 08, 2014
National Park Carara
The National Park Carara is located in the margins of the Río Grande de Tárcoles in the province of Puntarenas. It occupies an area of 4,700 hectares.
Carara is located in a transitional zone between the dry and humid forests of the region.
The Park has been a space for investigations and scientific studies. This area is considered an excellent living laboratory where you can study the structure and the way the tropical ecosystems function and the relationship between the two.
The most outstanding fauna in this area is: the Peccary, the Kinkajou, the Agouti, the Coati, the Raccoon, the Ocelot, the White-Headed Capuchin, the Sloth, the Tayra, the Deer and the Grey Four Eyed Opossum.
There is abundance of diverse species of reptiles like the crocodiles that measure about three meters long and the birds like the Pink Heron and the Anhinga. Other species of birds are the: Violaceous Trogon, Peacock, Hummingbird, and the Fiery-Billed Aracari.
Marine Wetland Playa Blanca
The Marine Wetland is situated in Punta Leona. It was created under the number designated 23127-MIRENEM.
This Wetland is considered unique in its kind, since it is constituted exclusively by species and marine qualities. The most important life species is the Parrot Fish, the one responsible for the creation of the white sand.
In the rocks you can observe soft coral and microalgae.
The reefs that predominate in the area are the rocky type with a few colonies of corals. The rocky reefs function as refuge for many species with commercial importance, in addition to the presence of impressive colorful fish with great touristic attraction and with marine grasses of numerous biological importances.
Within the invertebrate species that are found, there are the Sea Urchins, Starfish and the Sea Cucumbers.
Manuel Antonio National Park
The National Park Manuel Antonio is located in the province of Puntarenas, 7 km south of the city of Quepos. It has a reach of 683 hectares in the land mass and 5500 hectares in the marine part.
The Park constitutes one small biological island within one area subjugated to different activities, like agriculture, livestock and high tourism development.
The fauna is varied; they have distinguished 109 species of mammals and 184 birds. Within the most outstanding are the Raccoon, the Coati, the Agouti, the Sloth, the White-Faced Capuchin, Howler Monkey and the Squirrel Monkey.
Marine Whale National Park
It is located in the Pacific South of the country. The area was created with the purpose of securing the maintenance of habitats for the reproduction and spawning of marine species, and in this way preserves the productivity of the biological communities that inhabit the coastal zone.
It protects a variety of environments like the sand beaches, rocky beaches, cliffs, islands, rocky reefs, organic reefs and the isthmus of Punta Uvita.
Within the area there have been reported two reptile species: The Green Iguana and the Jesus Lizards. Within the species of the marine birds we find the Frigate Birds, the White Ibis, the Pelicans and the Booby Bird.
Corcovado National Park
The Park is located in the Osa Peninsula, province of Puntarenas. Corcovado is located in the zone of life belonging to a very humid tropical forest in the region of Pacific South of Costa Rica.
This wild area is considered an excellent living laboratory, where you can study the structure and the way the tropical ecosystems function and the relationship between the two.
The park protects diverse endangered species like the felines and the big reptiles: it also protects endemic species of birds or with a restricted distribution. There are known the existence of 104 species of mammals, 367 of birds, 117 off amphibians and reptiles, and 40 species of fresh water fish.
Within the most outstanding fauna, we can find the Tapir, the Jaguar, the Puma, the Ocelot, the Gigantic Anteater, monkeys like the Howler, the White-Faced Capuchin, the Black Handed Spider Monkey and the Squirrel; Red Macaws, the White Hawk, the Purple Dove, Chestnut-Mandible Toucan or Curré, various species of hummingbirds, among many other things.
The Park constitutes one of the most important of the area for conservation, and for the protection of the alligator and crocodile.
Recommendation for when visiting a protected area:
· Keep in mind the time and climate of the area that you are going to visit.
· Wear comfortable clothes, bug repellent and sun block.
· Maintain a serene and silent behavior.
· Use the trails designated for visitors.
· Do not exceed the volume of radios or other sound equipment.
· It is prohibited to make campfires or take natural species.
If there is anything unusual denounce it to 2283-8000 SINAC o to 2223-0333 Health Ministry.
For more information of Protected Areas and Costa Rican National Parks visit http://www.sinac.go.cr/