Environmental problemsJul 31, 2014
We invite you to know more about the environmental problems that our planet faces and some of the laws that are rigorously observed in Costa Rica with the objective to prevent negative environmental impacts.
Some of the most important environmental problems:
Over exploitation of natural resources (increase in the demand of services: water, energy, construction
materials, among others)
Degradation of the Ozone Layer
Inadequate use of the land (constructions in places that are not prepared)
Illegal traffic of native species
Change of nutritional habitats of the fauna
Reduction of wild flora and fauna
Costa Rican Laws in support of environmental conservation
Organic Law of the Environment.. Nº7554 of the November 13th, 1995, provides for Costa Ricans and the State, the necessary instruments to get a healthy ecologically balanced environment. Through the means of the use of this law, Costa Rica defends and preserves the right to search for a higher wellbeing for all of the inhabitants, understanding the environment as the system constituted by all the different natural elements that integrate the interactions and interrelations with the human being.
Conservational Law of Wild Life. Nº7788 of April 30th, 1998. It holds as an objective to establish regulations about the wild life, in which it is formed by the continental and insular fauna that live in natural temporal or permanent conditions in the national territory and the flora that live in natural conditions in the country.
Biodiversity Law. Nº 7788 published on April 30th, 1998, hopes to favor the use and conservation of the elements of the biological diversity. It poses as general principles the respect of life in all its forms, guarantee the access and the distribution of the benefits in the use of the elements of biodiversity, the respect for human rights, principally those groups that are marginalized for cultural reasons or economic conditions, the sustainable use of the biodiverse elements, respecting the options for development of the future generations and the democracy that guarantees a higher participation of all of the citizens in the making of the decisions, in an environment of peace and with options for development.
Forestry Law. Nº7575from February 5th, 1996, regulates the correspondent forestry patrimony of the State and the private and public activities that could affect it, declares areas of protection and prohibits in them the cutting or elimination of trees, with the exception that the project or activity is declared a national interest by the Executive Power. It incorporates the modern concept of compensation to the proprietors for the environmental service that they give to the forests and the forest plantations to the society, within them: the mitigation of gases with green house effect, protection of the water sources for the consumption and production of electric energy, protection of the biodiversity for its conservation and sustainable use, scientific and pharmaceutical, protection of ecosystems, ways of life and genetic improvement and scenic natural beauty for touristic means.
Water Laws. Nº 5516 of May 2nd, 1974. Regulates the waters of the public and private domain. It makes mention to the obligation that all public institution has of counting on environmental protection programs of forests, in establishing that all authorities of the country are obligated to assure through their own means the strict observance of the legal dispositions referring to the conservation of the trees, specially at the edge of the rivers, at the base of the water, prohibits the cutting of the trees located less than five meters distance from the rivers, just like its tributary.
Law of Use, Management and Conservation of the Land. Nº 7779 and its regulations. Defines the areas of management, conservation and recuperation of the lands and the national territories breaking from the basic criteria of the area managed hydrologically, as a unity be it a basin or a sub-basin in the general level and its specific cases to the level that it requires.
Law for the General Integral Management of Wastes. Nº. 8839. It has as an objective to regulate the integral wastes and the efficient use of the resources, through the planning and execution of the regulatory actions, operations, finances, administrative, educational, environmental and health of the monitoring and evaluation.
When you visit a National Park or Protected Area of Costa Rica
Don’t participate in noisy activities.
Don’t feed the animals.
Don’t throw the garbage in the trails. Use the garbage pails.
Don’t over exceed the limits of the capacity of weight according to the regulations of the sites that you visit.
It is terminally prohibited to extract and commercialize the wild animals and plants from their habitat.